These articles can be found at


  1. Op-Ed_ Restorative justice at UCT _ Daily Maverick.pdf
  2. Why a narrow view of restorative justice blunts its impact
  3. Let’s talk about violence – from the standpoint of the oppressed
  4. (Updated) Basic guide to a ‘deeper and longer’ analysis of violence
  5. South African criminology in denial
  6. Race and Crime/Crime and Race in an unequal, transitional context
  7. Mediator’s Dilemma: Mediation in South Africa, an unequal, transitional society
  8. How violence and racism are related, and why it all matters
  9. Review: Fresh Wounds. Niewyk D L (ed)
  10. Do we [as conflict resolution practitioners] really know what we are getting in the middle of? p. 10-11


  1. Invisible Violence, Invisible Wounding: Effects of internalised racism
  2. Where Truth, Lies and Privilege meet Poverty… what is Hope? Reflecting on the gains and pains of South Africa’s TRC A dialogue between Sarah Malotane Henkeman and Undine Whande


  1. How to render invisible violence visible. Presentation
  2. A TURN TO SOCIAL JUSTICE CONFLICT RESOLUTION IN UNEQUAL CONTEXTS Structurally responsive strategies, tactics and techniques for conflict resolution practitioners to consider
  3. Practitioner scholarship as a counter to denial of socially patterned violence
  4. Invisible/visible violence Action research workshops
  5. Visceral, tacit and explicit knowledge about racism as invisible/visible violence
  6. Presentation on Invisible/visible violence for Action research workshops


  1. Restorative Justice as a tool for peacebuilding: A South African case study
  2. Ch. 1 Marketisation, democratisation and peacebuilding?
  3. Ch. 2 Conceptual framework – Peacebuilding, Restorative Justice and Social Justice
  4. Ch.3 Modest and expansive conceptions of Restorative Justice
  5. Ch.4 Social Justice, Trans-national and Trans-historical inequality
  6. Ch.5 Research bricolage: Micro-macro 360 degree case design
  7. Ch.6 Complex problem, complex analysis
  8. Ch.7 Manifestations-patterns-culture of denial and peacebuilding practice
  9. Ch.8 Competing discourses and evidence of denial: Victim offender mediation as peacebuilding within a warmaking paradigm
  10. Ch.9 Beware of the Chasm
  11. Ch.10 Agency/Structure, nature/nurture, micro/macro
  12. Chapter ten
  13. Reference list:‘Restorative Justice as a tool for peacebuilding: a South African case study.’ Unpublished PhD thesis, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, 2013′


  1. Reflective peacebuilding practice as practical/participatory action research
  2. Theorising the constructed invisibility of structural violence during community based restorative justice processing. A South African case study.
  3. Ascribed, growing, nested inequality and quest for social justice
  4. Research findings which show manifestations and patterns that indicate a culture of denial about the relationship between direct violence (crime), cultural violence, psychological and structural violence (inequality)
  5. All victims are potential perpetrators. All perpetrators have been victimised at some point. A provocation
  6. Grand narrative/ground narrative(s). When several truths are in tension, what constitutes peace?
  7. Does victim offender mediation go beyond individualised notions of crime in unequal contexts? An empirical study.
  8. Peacebuilding from the standpoint of the oppressed
  9. The concept ‘transitional justice’ conflates political and knowledge boundaries and promotes denial
  10. In-country, long-term Peacebuilding and International Regimes
  11. Peacebuilding and Silence [about historical trauma, nested inequality and social harm]
  12. Restorative Justice and Structural violence
  13. Nuanced, potted history of peacebuilding in South Africa
  14. Peacebuilding defined from below
  15. Victim offender mediation and peacebuilding
  16. Social Justice as positive peace. A South African case study.
  17. Peacebuilding, Restorative Justice, Social Justice: Trans-disciplinary research using Bricolage


  1. Unresolved social grief: The intersection of historical and contemporary trauma.
  2. Yes, the subaltern can speak – but at great personal cost!
  3. Beneath the surface. Understanding the structure of invisible/visible violence
  4. Victim offender mediation and micro-macro linkages
  5. Is peacebuilding another form of academic imperialism?
  6. Recognising and understanding why, when and how historical trauma manifests intergenerationally
  7. Perfectly colonised?: can reconciliation and inequality co-exist, and is this peace?
  8. Internalisation/Externalisation. Suicide/Homicide. Understanding patterns of interaction of invisible and visible violence, trauma and resilience.
  9. A Provocation: Historical trauma complex is not a mental illness, it is a socially patterned, widely denied response to visible and invisible violence.
  10. Over-emphasis on resilience in an unequal world. A sign of entrenched denial?
  11. Social Justice as positive peace
  12. Restorative Justice and Structural Violence


  1. Poster for action research workshops – transdisciplinary research approach bricolage




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